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Safe Amalgam Removal for Silver Fillings

Safe Amalgam Removal by a Certified Holistic Dentist

Safe amalgam removal, or the removal of metal fillings with mercury in them, should be done by an experienced, certified and IAOMT and IABDM accredited dentist to ensure its done correctly, to minimize health hazards and side effects that can occur with amalgam removal. Understanding the difference between an “Amalgam Free” or “Mercury Free Dentist” and a “Mercury Safe Dentist” is very important. Many dentists in the modern age claim to be mercury free or amalgam free, which merely means they don’t place amalgam fillings. But when they remove old amalgam and metal fillings, do they remove the mercury fillings using strict safety protocols to protect the patient from mercury vapors? Or do them remove them regularly, as most conventional dentists do?

Using suction and a dental dam is NOT ENOUGH for biological and holistic, SAFE amalgam removal. In fact, if the dentist you are considering for your metal fillings removal or replacement isn’t doing the items mentioned, below, it might be time to look for a S.M.A.R.T. Certified, IAOMT Accredited and IABDM Certified Dentist!

What is the Safe Amalgam Removal Protocol?

Safe Amalgam Removal Protocol includes:

  • Full disposable gown and blankets shielding the patient from head to toe
  • Protective eyewear for the patient
  • Hair coverings for the patient
  • Skin covering for the patient
  • Alternative air source for the patient (oxygen/med gas from another area of the office)
  • External exhaust no more than 2.5 meters away with at least 400 cfm per 1600 cubic feet of dental operatory, with a closed, sealed door
  • Specialty air evacuation filtration equipment that is at least 600 cfm and no more than 3 inches from the patient’s open mouth
  • High-volume suction in the patient’s mouth
  • Special large-size burs to “cut and chunk” the amalgam filling to prevent vaporization
  • Respirators with double filters for the staff, full face shields, hair coverings, eye wear and disposable full body gowns for the staff
  • Cold water for reducing friction-driven temperature between the bur and metal filling
  • Biocompatible filling material or biocompatible crown/onlay material for restorations
  • Full air turnover for all cubic feet in closed operator room where treatment is taking place every 3 minutes

Dr. Yuriy May – S.M.A.R.T. Certified and IAOMT Accredited Holistic Dentist in for Safe Amalgam Removal

Safe Dental Amalgam Removal, also known as Safe Mercury Removal, Safe Silver Filling Removal and Safe Metal Removal, is an extremely dangerous and hazardous procedure if not done correctly by an IAOMT accredited and S.M.A.R.T. certified dentist, specifically a dentist who doesn’t understand or isn’t aware of the dangers of amalgam mercury removal and required procedures to keep patients and staff safe. Studies have cited the deteriorating mental and physical condition of non-mercury-safe dentists that have lacked of awareness about the toxicity and danger of removing dental amalgams without proper safety protocols. Due to the constant and continuous exposure to vaporized mercury that occurs during drilling amalgam fillings without proper protection, publications have speculated that there is a strong correlation between dentists holding the highest suicide rates among all medical professions and their extremely high exposure to mercury.

What is Dental Amalgam? What is Mercury?Mercury Removal Dentist Amalgam Removal Dentist Safe Metal Removal Dr. Yuriy May Natural Dentistry Holistic Dentist CT NY NJ MA RI

The dental amalgam metal that is in patients’ teeth has the following chemical makeup by weight:
Mercury amalgam (silver) fillings material composition:

  • 50% mercury
  • 35% silver
  • 15% copper, nickel, tin, zinc, other

Mercury is the THIRD most toxic substance known to man

Mercury is more toxic than Lead, Arsenic, and Cadmium (1)

Mercury amalgam was first introduced to North America in 1833, during which time, it was believed that when liquid mercury was inserted into an alloy (mixed metal) compound and the metals hardened the mercury was permanently “locked into” the amalgamation of metal and no longer could pose a danger to the body because the mercury could not escape. Unfortunately, this false belief mistakenly persists today and is perpetuated by several medical and dental societies and currently the FDA, who have been embroiled in decades of controversy from agencies ranging to the EPA, IAOMT, IABDM, ASDS and HDA.

Dental amalgam fillings have been shown to emit mercury vapors continuously, especially during brushing and consuming hot liquids. It is now generally accepted that mercury is being released (i.e.leaching from amalgam fillings) in small amounts from the filling during its entire lifetime. However, controversy exists whether the amount of mercury vapor released from amalgam fillings is enough to cause harm to individuals. Most traditional dentists, take the approach that amalgam fillings are harmless and the amount of vapor releases is below the exposure required to cause neurotoxicity and disease. Dr. Yuriy May, an accredited member if the IAOMT (International Academy of Oral Medicine & Toxicology) believes that no amount of mercury exposure is safe to humans, especially mercury that is continuously being released over a lifetime, as supported by years of research and education.

Heavy metal toxicity from constant small amounts of mercury exposure (i.e.leaching) is an overlooked problem in dentistry today. Part of this problem is the controversial threshold for toxicity, which varies from person to person. The bottom line is that cumulative exposure to mercury, the third most toxic element known to humans, will eventually cause mercury toxicity or at the very least place stress on individuals’ immune systems.

Proper removal of mercury amalgam fillings has become a specialty for all Tri-State patients who visit Natural Dentistry and Dr. Yuriy May in Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts and New York

Consider the following facts:

  • Mercury fillings continually vaporize (i.e. leach mercury vapor) in the mouth especially when chewing, brushing, or drinking hot liquids.
  • As mercury vapor is inhaled and swallowed, it is readily absorbed into the bloodstream, passing through the various organs and into the brain.
  • Mercury from dental amalgam fillings becomes widely distributed throughout the body and can stay lodged for long periods of time, typically accumulating over a lifetime.
  • In autopsy studies, there is a correlation between the amount of mercury in brain tissue and the number of mercury amalgam fillings in the mouth.
  • The mercury absorbed from dental amalgams can cause body chemistry and organ function to change.

These changes can be subtle, but continually present over long periods of time and can end up being detrimental to certain individuals. Additionally, since each amalgam filling is an alloy, meaning a mix of numerous metals, there are at least five different metals inside each mercury amalgam filling, and this can cause electrical current problems in the mouth, known as galvanic effects.

Natural Dentistry’s Rigorous Safe Amalgam Removal Process

In order to ensure safety during dental amalgam removal for both patients and staff, a rigorous and robust process must be adhered to in order to reduce mercury vaporizing into the operatory air, keeping the mercury from entering the patient’s separate air supply, prevent mercury dust elements from landing on patients hair/skin/mouth, and ultimately to isolate and trap all mercury particle and dust in a mercury-safe biohazard filter. In this process, there are a series of steps and precautions that must be followed in order to minimize mercury exposure to the patient, Dr. May and dental staff. All Natural Dentistry patients will be fully educated on the protocol, process, and what to expect during the procedure.

Top Amalgam Removal Dentist in USA: Dr. Yuriy May

IAOMT Dentist CT NY NJ MA RI Best Holistic Dentist Natural Dentistry Dr. Yuriy May Biological DentistNot only do all the Connecticut, New York, Rhode Island, New Jersey and Massachusetts patients looking for the top holistic dentist in the country see Dr. Yuriy May for all mercury removal as one of the top experts in safeamalgam removal, but they also travel to Dr. May for root canal removals and cavitation dental surgery. What most important, is that patient from all over the world with Lyme disease, fibromyalgia, cancer, Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis (MS), and other chronic conditions seek Dr. Yuriy May’s detoxification amalgam removal protocols and entrust their health completely to Natural Dentistry staff as their leadership and expertise in the field of biological and holistic dentistry has long been established as the top in the country. In addition, Dr. Yuriy May applies some of the most rigorous SAFE amalgam removal protocols and is S.M.A.R.T. certified by the IAOMT and also accredited, in addition to being a graduate from the America Academy of Integrative Medicine and Dentistry earning him a Naturopathic Dentist (NMD, IBMD) degree in addition to being a biological dentist practicing in the areas of zirconia implants, cavitations, infected root canal removal and PRF 100% autologous bone grafting.

IAOMT Dentist Best Holistic Dentist Safe Amalgam Removal Dentist Best Biological Dentist Metal Free Dentist Mercury Removal Dentist

Prepare the body for the amalgam removal procedure by following Dr. May’s prescribed Mercury Removal Conditioning Protocol

1. Keep the fillings cool

Mercury amalgam removal must be conducted under a continuous and copious quantity of cold water spray. The cold water prevents the dental burr from heating up during its contact with the amalgam filling, which creates heat from friction. During the heat process, the amalgam filling heats up and releases more mercury into the air than when it is in a cooled state. By keeping the temperature of the amalgam filling cool, Dr. May is able to reduce the vaporization of mercury reducing the contamination of the air supply and oral cavity.

2. Provide an alternative air source

All patients having mercury amalgam removal procedures are given an alternative air source and instructed not to breathe through their mouth during treatment. A sealed nasal hood with oxygen is used throughout the mercury amalgam removal procedure. Dr. Yuriy May and his staff also wear full-face mercury vapor filtration (gas) masks to prevent mercury from entering their breathing passages and lungs for protection.

3. Cover and protect all exposed skinHolistic Dentist Safe Amalgam Removal Safe Mercury Removal Metal Removal Biological Dentist Remove Silver Fillings

The serious protective measures include Dr. May and the highly trained dental assistant donning a disposable full-body suit (similar to CDC Level 4 suits), a fully sealed hair cover, preventing air or particles from landing on their clothes and skin, elbow-length gloves to prevent mercury dust from traveling up their sleeves, and full facial shields over their mask as an additional measure of keeping the mercury vapor away from their eyes, nose and ears and gas mask filtration chamber. Too many times, Natural Dentistry has observed skin irritations developing on patients and staff from an accumulation of mercury dust landing on exposed skin, and has made it a policy to cover all exposed skin, nails and hair to prevent dermal mercury reactions.

4. Section off that portion of the mouth

A latex-free rubber dam, made of a specific material that is non-metal reactive is always used during the mercury amalgam removal procedure to prevent inhalation and settlement of the mercury vapour and dust within the mouth. The purpose of the heavy-duty and specially formulated dental dam is to also prevent highly hazardous ingestion of mercury particulate (pieces that are larger than vapor).

5. Cover and protect all exposed skin, hair and nails

In addition to the dental dam, the patients face is fully covered with a moist paper towel, large dark oversize glasses, ears are covered with over the year noise-canceling high-fidelity BEATS wireless headphones, hair is covered with a tight sealed disposable bonnet, the patient’s body and clothes are covered with a full disposable blanket and they are asked to wear gloves protecting the skin on their hands. This is to protect the patient from accumulating mercury particulate on their skin, hair or clothes and to protect their eyes and ears from exposure to both the mercury dust and vapor.

6. Apply a cut and chunk drilling technique

Dr. May has spent over 500 hours in hands-on training and scientific studies on both the chemical properties and toxicity of mercury and the proper safe mercury removal protocols with a focus on detoxification, toxicity reversal and amalgam removal. Due to this, Dr. May is one of a handful of top-trained amalgam removal dentists in the country who is familiar with the “cut & chunk” technique. This requires using a very crude dental drill which can break the amalgam up into 3-4 large pieces preventing vaporization and creating a large amount of mercury particulate. Conventional dentists who instead drill with a standard dental drill or even worse, a smaller dental drill are actually drilling the amalgam, heating it up and thus dangerously vaporizing it both from the physical act of drilling and the heat stimulation causing the mercury to further dissociate from the bonded metal alloy.

7. Use a high volume evacuator

Once the removal process has started, mercury vapor and particulate will be continuously released from the tooth during the removal procedure. A high-volume evacuator (suction) tip is kept near the tooth at all times during the removal procedure to evacuate any vapor and particulate from the labial and nasal area. Particles of mercury alloy are washed and vacuumed away as soon as they are generated. The Dental Solution office has a massive industrial-sized air suction and purification machine which has the capability to clear and purify the air of a 5,000 sq ft facility in just under 3 minutes, allowing the air to be fully purified in Dr. May’s custom build 250 sq ft dental operatory every 10 seconds. This means that between the alternative air supply, fully covered hair, skin, nails, clothes, hair and the doctor’s filtration face masks, no one is exposed to mercury vapor during the procedure and all mercury dust is virtually non-existent. The suction tube is 8 inches in diameter and resides 2 inches from the patients’ face during the amalgam removal procedure.

8. Keep the treatment room air pure and flowing

Natural Dentistry houses over 40,000 BTUs of air purifiers, exhaust suction, in addition to ionizers and carbon floor filters for maximum quality of air as measured by air purity and no mercury microparticles. This level of dedication and resources solely for keeping the air purifier and clean ensures patients’ and staffs’ safety and wellbeing. All our operatories have been constructed with amalgam removal procedures in mind, and there is a high turnover of airflow (10 seconds or less) in each treatment room at all times.

9. Further Detoxification is CRITICAL to successful mercury removal from all bodily tissues

Removing mercury amalgams from your mouth is ONLY eliminating the primary and major source of mercury leaching into the body. The next step is to get help to rid the body of its mercury burden. Dr. May has worked with world-renowned chelation specialists and MDs specializing in detoxification to create incredibly effective detoxification and chelation protocol through supplementation and other modalities. Additionally, Dr. May works and partners with all Tri-State Area, USA, and International based naturopaths, cancer clinics, functional MDs and osteopaths to create highly customized chelation protocol based on each patient’s unique health situation and ongoing health conditions. If a patient does not have an alternative care physician who has knowledge of detoxification and the mercury detoxification/chelation protocol requires unique modifications, Dr. May will refer patients to his detoxification specialists in and outside of Connecticut to create custom individual detoxification programs and oversee the patient progress in partnership with a physician. Please ask Natural Dentistry about our physician partners and detoxification physician specialists as referrals can be made for those who make requests.

Dr. Yuriy May is one of the only IAOMT accredited and S.M.A.R.T. Certified dentist in Connecticut for Safe Amalgam Removal!

Safe Amalgam Removal Mercury Removal Dentist Holistic Dentist Best Holistic Dentist Biological Dentist Metal RemovalWhat is S.MA.R.T. Certification by the IAOMT?

  1. The holistic dentist must join the IAOMT as a General Member.
  2. The holistic dentists must enroll in the SMART certification program.
  3. The holistic dentist must complete unit 2 (Mercury 101/102) and Unit 3 (Safe Removal) of IAOMT’s accreditation course, which includes taking and passing unit tests. The coursework and the entire SMART certification process has additional coursework online. This does not require enrollment in accreditation, as accreditation takes upwards of a year. 
  4. The holistic Dentist must complete post-course requirements for SMART which consist of learning about the science that supports SMART, the equipment that is part of SMART, and the resources from the IAOMT that enable dentists to implement SMART in their daily practice.
  5. The holistic dentist must apply for SMART Certification based upon completion of requirements.
  6. The holistic dentist must maintain SMART Certification by paying the annual SMART re-enrollment fee on July 1st, as well as learning about any updates to the program that have been developed based on new research.

Symptoms of Galvanization from Metals In the Mouth (including amalgam fillings)

Symptoms of Mercury Poisoning

Recognized by the ADA

It is well known that mercury (Hg) will store first in the kidneys, second in the liver, third in neurological (brain) tissue and fourth dispersed through the rest of the body. Symptoms related to mercury toxicity are vast; however, even the American Dental Association (ADA) admits to the following symptoms:

  • Tremor observed in the fine voluntary muscle movement (such as handwriting), eventually progressing to convulsions and seizures.
  • Depression, fatigue, increased irritability, moodiness and nervous excitability, especially when under stress.
  • Inability to concentrate; loss of memory.
  • Insomnia or drowsiness.
  • Nausea and diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Birth defects in offspring.
  • Nephritis or symptoms of kidney disease.
  • Swollen glands and tongue.
  • Ulceration of oral mucosa.
  • Dark Pigmentation of marginal and loosening of teeth.
  • Even Colgate, the toothpaste giant of America, admits some risk to amalgam fillings…

For additional reading on Thyroid and Endocrine disorders potentially impacted by mercury please reference: DAMS  (Dental Amalgam Mercury Solutions) or

Symptoms of EMF Distrubrances from Metals in the Mouth (including amalgam fillings)

Many dental patients have no idea that either they are sensitive to electric and magnetic fields (EMFs), or radiation or that the metal dental fillings, including mercury amalgam fillings and any other metals (such as metal crowns, metal posts in root canals, or metal titanium implants) could be functioning as an antenna in their mouth. The process of having electrical micro-current disturbances in the mouth from the different metal dental materials interacting is known as galvanization. For some patients with amalgam fillings, the metal also works as a “receiver” that intensifies the electro-current fields in their body when exposed to EMF frequencies. This includes cellphones, Bluetooth devices, Apple watches, smartwatches, Wi-Fi routers, computers, microwaves, cell-phone towers, and other appliances that send out a stream of invisible energy waves. Below are some symptoms that can be potentially experienced by patients with metal fillings and with metal implants in their mouth when exposed to high EMF. Several of our patients have described these symptoms and have even come into our office with their own EMF frequency meter, as they are THAT sensitive and are looking to have all their metals removed from their mouth, including safely removing their mercury fillings to help them recover.

  • Headaches
  • Migraines
  • Light Sensitivity
  • Muscle Weakness
  • Nausea
  • Disorientation
  • Brain Fog
  • Visual Disturbances
  • Tachycardia
  • Sleep disturbances, including insomnia
  • depression and depressive symptoms
  • tiredness and fatigue
  • dysesthesia (a painful, often itchy sensation)
  • lack of concentration
  • changes in memory
  • dizziness

This is an article referencing EMF and Dental Amalgam connection, dating back to 2015 from the Biomedical & Pharmacology Journal.

EMF headaches dental mercury fillings amalgam dental fillings PEMF EMF sensitivity

Politicians Supporting Amalgam Restrictions & Lobbying Against Amalgam Use in Dentistry

  • Senator Patty Murray of Washington write FDA
  • Congressman Jim Moran of Virginia
  • Senator Mike Enzi of Wyoming
  • Senator Richard Lugar of Indiana
  • Congressman Adam Schiff of California
  • Senator Mark Udall of Colorado
  • Congressman Dan Burton of Indiana

All mentioned above have written the FDA regarding restricting, curtailing or stopping amalgam us in density on behalf of constituents in the past.

How to pick the best holistic dentist and the most qualified for Safe Amalgam Removal? Dr. May is both IAOMT accredited and S.M.A.R.T. certified!Safe Amalgam Removal Mercury Removal Dentist Holistic Dentist Best Holistic Dentist Biological Dentist Metal Removal

SMART Certified: A SMART certified member has successfully completed a course on mercury and safe dental mercury amalgam removal, including two units consisting of scientific readings, online learning videos, and tests.  The crux of this essential course on the IAOMT’s Safe Mercury Amalgam Removal Technique (SMART) involves learning about the rigorous safety measures and equipment for reducing exposures to mercury releases during the removal of amalgam fillings.  A SMART certified member may or may not have achieved a higher level of certification such as Accreditation, Fellowship, or Mastership.

IAOMT Dentist Best Holistic Dentist Safe Amalgam Removal Dentist Best Biological Dentist Metal Free Dentist Mercury Removal DentistAccredited–(AIAOMT): The Accredited member has successfully completed a ten-unit course on biological dentistry, including units on mercury, safe mercury amalgam removal, fluoride, biological periodontal therapy, hidden pathogens in jawbone and root canals, and more.  This course involves an examination of over 50 scientific and medical research articles, participation in an e-learning component of the curriculum which includes ten videos, and demonstration of mastery on ten detailed unit tests.  An Accredited Member is a member who has also completed the Fundamentals of Biological Dentistry Course and who has attended at least two IAOMT meetings, as well as passed an oral interview exam for safe amalgam removal. Note that the Accredited member may or may not be SMART certified and may or may not have achieved a higher level of certification such as Fellowship or Mastership.  To view the accreditation course description by unit, click here. To learn more about becoming accredited, click here.





  1. “Metals and Neurotoxic Effect” Journal of Comparable Pathology, 1981

Just in case someone (ie: a traditional dentist) tells you there is no research on amalgam dangers or mercury being a highly toxic neurotoxin and that is well known to be almost lethal in small doses….below are over 200 citations to the “lack of scientific proof” that mercury is the 3rd most dangerous substance known to mankind and in case you have it in your mouth, you should consider getting it removed SAFELY and only with a SMART certified IAOMT accredited dentist like Dr. Yuriy May.



1. U.S. EPA. Fish consumption advice.

2. Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III)

3. Drózdz W, Wojnar, M, Araszkiewicz A, et al. The study of the prevalence of depressive disorders in primary care patients in Poland. Wiad Lek. 2007; 60(3-4): 109-13.

4. Zárate A, Basurto L, Hernández M. Thyroid malfunction in women. Ginecol Obstet Mex. 2001 May; 69: 200-5.

5. Wier FA, Farley CL. Clinical controversies in screening women for thyroid disorders during pregnancy. J Midwifery Women’s Health. 2006 May-Jun; 51(3): 152-8.

6. Stagnaro-Green A. Postpartum thyroiditis. Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Jun; 18(2): 303-16.

7. Stagnaro-Green A. Recognizing, understanding, and treating postpartum thyroiditis. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2000 Jun; 29(2): 417-30.

8. Harris B. Postpartum depression and thyroid antibody status. Thyroid. 1999 Jul; 9(7): 699-703.

9. Gerhard I, Monga B, Waldbrenner A, Runnebaum B. Heavy metals and fertility. J of Toxicology and Environmental Health. 1998; 54(8): 593-611.

10. Gerhard I, Waibel S, Daniel V, Runnebaum B. Impact of heavy metals on hormonal and immunological factors in women with repeated miscarriages. Hum Reprod Update. 1998 May;4(3):301-309

11. Gerhard I. Ganzheitiche Diagnostik un Therapie bie Infertilitat. Erfahrungsheilkunde. 1993, 42(3): 100-106.

12. Kruse-Jarres JD, ed. Hormonal conditions affecting women caused by environmental poisons.Pravention, Diagnose und Therapie von Umwelterkrankungen. 1993: 51-68.

13. Gerhard I, Waldbrenner P, Thuro H, Runnebaum B. Diagnosis of heavy metal loading by the oral DMPS and chewing gum tests. Klinisches Labor. 1992; 38: 404-411.

14. Hetil AZ. Some neurological and psychiatric complications in endocrine disorders: The thyroid gland [Article in Hungarian]. National Center for Biotechnology. 2007 Feb 18; 148(7): 303-10.

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16. Menif O, Omar S, Feki M, Kaabachi N. Hypothyroidism and pregnancy: Impact on mother and child health. Ann Biol Clin (Paris). 2008 Jan 29; 66(1): 43-51.

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18. Almeida C, Brasil MA, Costa AJ, et al. Tremont Subclinical hypothyroidism: Psychiatric disorders and symptoms. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2007 Jun; 29(2):157-9.

19. Nylander M, Friberg L, Eggleston D, Björkman L. Mercury accumulation in tissues from dental staff and controls in relation to exposure. Swed Dent J. 1989; 13(6): 235-43.

20. Drasch, Schupp I, Höfl H, Reinke R, Roider G. Mercury burden of human fetal and infant tissues. Eur J Pediatr. 1994 Aug; 153(8): 607-10.

21. Guzzi G, Grandi M, Severi G, et al. Dental amalgam and mercury levels in autopsy tissues: food for thought. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2006 Mar; 27(1): 42-5.

22. Lichtenberg H. Mercury vapor in the oral cavity in relation to number of amalgam surfaces and the classic symptoms of chronic mercury poisoning. J Orthomol Med. 1996); 11(2): 87-94.

23. Björkman L, Lundekvam BF, Vahter M, et al. Mercury in human brain, blood, muscle and toenails in relation to exposure: An autopsy study. Environ Health. 2007 Oct 11; 6: 30.

24. Hanson M. Amalgam hazards in your teeth. J. Orthomolecular Psychiatry. 1983; 2(3): 194-201.

25. Vimy MJ, Takahashi, Y, Lorscheider FL. Maternal-fetal distribution of mercury released from dental amalgam fillings. Amer. J. Physiol. 1990; 258: R939-945.

26. Hahn LJ, Kloiber R, Leininger RW, Vimy MJ, Lorscheider FL. Distribution of mercury released from amalgam fillings into monkey tissues. FASEB J. 1990; 4: 5536.

27. Goyer RA. “Toxic effects of metals” in Toxicology The Basic Science of Poisons. New York: McGraw-Hill Inc., 1993.

28. Goodman, Gillman. The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. New York: Mac Millan Publishing Company, 1985.

29. Oskarsson A, Schultz A, Skerfving S, Hallen IP, Ohlin B, Lagerkvist BJ. Mercury in breast milk in relation to fish consumption and amalgam. Arch Environ Health. 1996; 51(3): 234-41.

30. Drasch G, Aigner S, Roider G, Staiger F, Lipowsky G. Mercury in human colostrum and early breast milk. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 1998; 12: 23-27.

31. Paccagnella B, Riolfatti M. Total mercury levels in human milk from Italian mothers. Ann Ig. 1989: 1(3-4): 661-71.

32. Yang J, Jiang Z, Wang Y, Qureshi IA, Wu XD. Maternal-fetal transfer of metallic mercury via placenta and milk. Ann Clin Lab Sci. 1997; 27(2):135-141.

33. Sundberg J, Ersson B, Lonnerdal B, Oskarsson A. Protein binding of mercury in milk and plasma from mice and man: A comparison between methylmercury and inorganic mercury. Toxicology. 1999 Oct 1; 137(3): 169-84.

34. Kuhnert PM, Kuhnert BR, Erhard P. Comparison of mercury levels in maternal blood, fetal blood, fetal cord blood, and placental tissues. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1981; 139(2): 209-13.

35. Vahter M, Akesson A, Lind B, Bjors U, Schutz A, Berglund M. Longitudinal study of methylmercury and inorganic mercury in blood and urine of pregnant and lactating women, as well as in umbilical cord blood. Environ Res. 2000 Oct; 84(2):186-9.

36. Kuntz WD, Pitkin RM, Bostrom AW, Hughes MS. Maternal and cord blood mercury background levels: A longitudinal surveillance. Am J Obstet and Gynecol. 1982; 143(4): 440-443.

37. Ramirez GB, Cruz MC, Pagulayan O, Ostrea E, Dalisay C. The Tagum study I: Analysis and clinical correlates of mercury in maternal and cord blood, breast milk, meconium, and infants’ hair. Pediatrics. 2000 Oct; 106(4): 774-81.

38. Ramirez GB, Pagulayan O, Akagi H, et al. Tagum study II: Follow-up study at two years of age after prenatal exposure to mercury. Pediatrics. 2003 Mar; 111(3):e289-95.

39. Warfvinge K, Berlin M, Logdberg B. The effect on pregnancy outcome and fetal brain development of prenatal exposure to mercury vapour. Neurotoxicology. 1994; 15(4).

40. Drexler H, Schaller KH. The mercury concentration in breast milk resulting from amalgam fillings and dietary habits. Environ Res. 1998; 77(2): 124-9.

41. Mottet NK, Shaw CM, Burbacher, TM. Health risks from increases in methylmercury exposure. Environmental Health Perspectives. 1985; 63: 133-140.

42. Grandjean P, et al. MeHg and neurotoxicity in children. Am J Epidemiol. 1999.

43. Sorensen N, et al. Prenatal mercury exposure raises blood pressure. Epidemiology. 1999; 10: 370-375

44. Markovich, et al. Heavy metals(Hg,Cd) inhibit the activity of the liver and kidney sulfate transporter Sat-1. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 1999; 154(2):181-7.

45. McFadden SA. Xenobiotic metabolism and adverse environmental response: Sulfur-dependent detox pathways. Toxicology. 1996; 111(1-3): 43-65.

46. Langley-Evans SC, et al. SO2: A potent glutathion depleting agent. Comp Biochem Physiol Pharmocol Toxicol Endocrinol. 1996; 114(2):89-98.

47. Alberti A, Pirrone P, Elia M, Waring RH, Romano C. Sulphation deficit in “low-functioning” autistic children. Biol Psychiatry. 1999; 46(3): 420-4.

48. Huggins HA, Levy TE. Uniformed Consent: The Hidden Dangers in Dental Care. Hampton Roads Publishing Company Inc., 1999.

49. Huggins H. It’s All in Your Head. Center for Progressive Medicine, 1999.

50. Huggins Applied Healing.

51. Podzimek S, Prochazkova J, Bultasova L,et. al. Sensitization to inorganic mercury could be a risk factor for infertility. Neuroendocrinology Letters. 2005 Aug; 26(4): 277-82.

52. Ziff S, Ziff M. Infertility and Birth Defects: Is Mercury from Dental Fillings a Hidden Cause? Bio-Probe, Inc. n.d.

53. Friese KH. Homoopathische behandlung der amalgamvergiftung. Allg. Homoopathische Z. 1993; 241(5): 184-187.

54. Friese KH. Amalgamvergiftung moglicher. Der Naturazt. 1995; 135(8):13-15.

55. Friese KH. Schnupfen-Was tun? Therapeutikon. 1994; 8(3): 62-68

56. Knapp LT, Klann E. Superoxide-induced stimulation of protein kinase C via modification and modulation of zinc content. J Biol Chem. 2000 May 22.

57. Rajanna B, et al. Modulation of protein kinase C by heavy metals. Toxicol Lett. 1995; 81(2-3):197-203.

58. Kingman A, et al. Mercury concentrations in urine and blood associated with amalgam exposure in the U.S. military population. Dent Res. 1998; 77(3):461-71.

59. Sin YM, Teh WF, Wong MK, Reddy PK. Effect of mercury on glutathione and thyroid hormones. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 1990; 44(4):616-622.

60. Kawada J, et al. Effects of inorganic and methyl mercury on thyroidal function. J Pharmacobiodyn. 1980; 3(3):149-59.

61. Ghosh N. Thyrotoxicity of cadmium and mercury. Biomed Environ Sci. 1992, 5(3): 236-40.

62. Goldman, Blackburn. The effect of mercuric chloride on thyroid function of the rat. Toxicol and Applied Pharm. 1979; 48: 49-55.

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